To determine how aging affects the impact of sleep deprivation on blood pressure at rest and under orthostatic challenge.
Subjects underwent a night of sleep and 24.5 h of sleep deprivation in a crossover counterbalanced design.
Sixteen healthy normotensive men and women: 8 young adults (mean 24 years [SD 3.1], range 20-28 years) and 8 elderly adults (mean 64.1 years [SD 3.4], range 60-69 years).
MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:
Brachial cuff arterial blood pressure and heart rate were measured in semi-recumbent and upright positions. These measurements were compared across homeostatic sleep pressure conditions and age groups. Sleep deprivation induced a significant increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure in elderly but not young adults. Moreover, sleep deprivation attenuated the systolic blood pressure orthostatic response in both age groups.
Our results suggest that sleep deprivation alters the regulatory mechanisms of blood pressure and might increase the risk of hypertension in healthy normotensive elderly.
Robillard R, Lanfranchi PA, Prince F, Filipini D, Carrier J. Sleep deprivation increases blood pressure in healthy normotensive elderly and attenuates the blood pressure response to orthostatic challenge. Sleep 2011; 34(3): 335-339.
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